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Maria Terezinha Vaz.
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Curitiba Recycling 



Curitiba has a great role in Recycling programs since the 1970's. Civil Engineer Nicolau Kluppel explained how he developed a program that rewarded Curitiba with a United Nations award in 1990 for his first of its kind in the world idea on trash collection and separation.
Kluppel was concerned about the amount of waste going to the landfill and the rapid growth of the city. Many poor people from the countryside were moving to Curitiba creating shantytowns along flooded riverbank areas. The city did not have money to add more trucks to pick up trash and some places were not accessible. Kluppel's idea was utilizing shantytown people to collect trash in exchange for transportation passes (No cost was implied because the city pays, to this day, private companies that run the transportation system by kilometers run, not by passengers). Immediately after great response from the shantytown population, the station portrayed here was created. A campaign called Trash that is not trash** was successfully expanded to entire city.
The Recycling Station has room to prepare people of different ages to learn and engage on the recycling processes. It has class and conference rooms, a playground, museum, and a collection of art and objects built with material collected. The facility accommodates drug addicts and other problem people (50% of the people who work here are under care and 50% are employees), and income generated goes to charity programs run by the city's first lady.
City government and creators were interested in recycling to protect the environment. Recycling to reduce landfill problems and reuse harmful materials such as tires, polystyrene (Styrofoam), plastic, and other non-biodegradable wastes. In addition, they generate income for social benefits to the poor people. Yet to come, Recycling Station Manager Alfredo Cardoso explained research going to transform plastic bags into material to replace wood for the construction of railroad ties.

**The program helped city to maintain clean, reduce landfill problem, and generate income for social assistances by selling recyclables and reutilizing almost all that was collected. The only idem not taken was organic waste such as food.

Curitiba Christmas Tree - This image was taken in front of Curitiba City Hall on December 2005. The Curitiba native people made these baskets. It is a tradition for the Indians to sit and make baskets. Even if they have no use for, they still make them. Therefore, the city bought them and built this intriguing Christmas tree.
Styrofoam Processing - This collage shows the process in which machine and worker prepare and weigh material to be sold to manufacturing facilities where it will be shredded and reutilized.
Curitiba a Recycling City - this image represents Curitiba as a pioneer in recycling through the reuse of non-decomposable materials such as tires and Styrofoam.
Curitiba Waste Management - The superimposed images represent the way that trash is turned into "flowers" and other fine objects at stations. For every fifteen trashed computers collected, one computer is made. Employees and children are learning to use them at the Recycling Station Conference room.
Opera de Arame: a Recycled Building - This collage is an overview of the material Opera de Arame is made of. It is made of recycled pipes.
Recycling Tree - This piece is a symbol of the renovation process of life, presented as a family tree. The roots are what keep the tree standing; thus the 'carrinheiros' are the roots of the Curitiba Recycling System, as they collect over 80% of the recycled items in the city. The separation line is the trunk that represents the caretakers, which parents are. The branches represent the collection of all recyclable items and its transformation. The fruits on this tree are re-uses, renovation, education, and hence wisdom: recycling for a better future. The station which is called in Portuguese, Usina de Valorização de Rejeitos -UVR, is a multi-utilities station; It has a museum, conference/classroom, and a recreaional area including a playground. It has room for visitors to learn about recycling processes. Place to learn that old plastic bottles and toothpaste tubes can be transformed into toys, roof and more. Paper becomes new notebooks and art pieces. This station is unique because it is a recovery center for drug addicts and other people with problems.

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